Investigating Women’s Attitudes towards Gender Gap, Employment and Achieving Social Positions Case Study: Women between 20-30 and 50-60 Years Old

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Sarah Barjesteh


Women who constitute half of the society have lower social and economic positions compared to men. Employment, social functions, higher educations, and other positions that ignore women are examples of this inequality. In the meanwhile, women’s attitudes towards this inequality have particular importance, because in the case of accepting this inequality and internalizing it, they themselves instigate this inequality and will internalize it. So far, in many aspects of the society, these intellectual sediments have caused women’s retardation from many social aspects. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate women’s (particularly women of Tehran) attitudes towards gender-social inequalities against women as well as gender gap in employment and achieving social and economic positions. Due to the vast area of Tehran and lack of possibility to make samples from all areas, the city was divided into three northern, southern, and central parts and in each area, the available streets were identified and numbered. Then, by regular random sampling, several streets were selected and census was done. In this study, women were from two age groups of 20-30 and 50-60 years old. After survey and fulfillment of researcher-made questionnaires, data were analyzed in SPSS.

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Part I. Female Entrepreneurship and Glass Celling


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