Female Students Afghanistan’s New Entrepreneurs?

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Mark W. Pruett
Harun Şeşen
J.R.M. Pandian
Greg Winter


We have conducted the first-ever study of female and male Afghan university students about entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship education.  Students at this new university in Afghanistan provided data on their intentions, entrepreneurial disposition, perceptions about the university role, and their beliefs about barriers and motives to entrepreneurship. 

On the one hand, we find significant differences between women and men in disposition and intentions, with women having lower levels of disposition and intentions.  On the other hand, the two groups display remarkably similar views of the importance of numerous entrepreneurship motives and barriers.   They also feel the same about the positive university support of their entrepreneurship interests. 

In other words, although young Afghan women and men appear to feel different about themselves and their plans, they hold relatively similar views on the reasons for entrepreneurship, the impediments to entrepreneurship, and the potential of university education and support to foster entrepreneurship in both sexes.

Article Details

Author Biographies

Mark W. Pruett, Eagleblade, LLC, Tryon, North Carolina

Educational Research & Strategic Management

Harun Şeşen, European University of Lefke, Northern Cyprus

Department of Business Administration, Associate Professor

J.R.M. Pandian, Virginia State University

Department of Management and Marketing, Associate Professor

Greg Winter, Alcorn State University

Department of Management, Associate Professor